Tuesday, 28 February 2017

Basic Facts About Type 1 Diabetes

I recently had someone approach me, and say "I know you have diabetes, but I don't actually know what that is". I decided that instead of explaining every detail of my Type 1 Diabetes to every person I meet, I should write a blog and tell people about it.


  1. There are 2 Types of Diabetes. Every Type 1 Diabetic is insulin dependent because the cells that make insulin in their bodies are dead. Type 2 diabetes can be related to diet, it can also be genetic but they are not always dependent on insulin.
  2. Firstly, Type 1 Diabetes occurs through NO FAULT of their own. It's not because we ate too much sugar or anything. It is an autoimmune disease which means my body essentially attacked it's own pancreas cells.
  3. I need to replace the insulin my pancreas can no longer make. There are different methods to do this. Some people inject themselves with insulin, normally a different kind of insulin for food and a different kind to cover your bodies natural function. I myself have what is called an insulin pump. I have a cannula attached to my body 24/7, constantly giving me insulin. I still have to tell my insulin pump how much insulin to give me based on how much I eat and how much I exercise, so it is not easier than injections, just different.
    A picture of the insulin pump I carry around at all times
  4. I have to do a finger prick and test my blood sugar to make sure everything is okay, so I know how much insulin to give and so I have an idea of what I'm dealing with. There are lots of different meters that check blood sugar, so if you see  2 different diabetics checking on different meters, everyone just does things slightly differently. I have a sensor that checks my blood sugar every 5 minutes, which sends a signal to my insulin pump, and alarms me to tell me if my blood sugar is dropping or not. It is not a replacement for a finger prick test though as it isn't always as accurate.
    Inside my blood testing kit, which includes a meter, blood testing strips, a finger pricker and a ketone meter
  5. I wasn't born with Type 1 Diabetes! So many people think this, but I developed type 1 diabetes when I was 14, some people can develop it as early as 2 years old or as late as 50 years old, it is different for everybody.
  6. Type 1 Diabetes is really hard to control. With so many factors affecting my body, it is rare that I get everything spot on first time. If I snap at you, it is most likely that my blood sugar is too high, or too low, so please don't take it personally!
  7. When my blood sugar is high, I can't concentrate. My words don't seem to be able to form, I struggle reading, I'm constantly thirsty and need the toilet all the time. I try to still do everything I can, but there are times when I have to admit defeat, and go for a sleep.
  8. There is NO CURE currently for Type 1 Diabetes. I will have to replace the insulin in my body for the rest of my life, unless they find a cure in my lifetime.


Personally, Type 1 Diabetes makes me soo tired. I can't do the whole staying awake til 3 o'clock in the morning unless I have a nap in the middle of the day. This one is personal, but some people don't realise how tiring it is to take care of yourself all day, every day, and sometimes not even see results!

Yes, people who have type 1 diabetes can do whatever they want, within reason (there are some careers we can't do). The current prime minisiter, Theresa May, is Type 1 Diabetic! That does not mean I do not struggle with it everyday, I have just become very good at concealing when I am unwell, and just getting on with things.

And if there are any questions that I did not answer in this blog, please just ask! Honestly, I would rather someone asked me if they were unsure of anything rather than presume the wrong thing.

Until Next Time, 

Alyssa x

Ps This blog is my interpretation of Type 1 Diabetes from what I have lived. I apologise if there is anything incorrect in it.

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My name is Alyssa Faulkner. I am a Type 1 Diabetic Teen living in Scotland. I currently use a Medtronic insulin pump and an Enlite CGM, and am a volunteer for Diabetes Scotland.